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By sealenterprises, Jul 16 2015 12:04PM

‘Pre-supposition and Millers Law’

A pre-supposition is a background belief (something that sits, unsaid, and helps provide meaning about what a person says). When a person says something, the meaning of that sentence has to do with the words, etc. but the meaning only exists within the context of what else is in the person's head that provides meaning.

When two people are trying to communicate and their pre-suppositions are not known to each other, that is when misunderstanding takes place.

Let us take an example that you will be familiar with. Someone says:

Did you stop beating your dog?

1. Under what circumstances does that question have meaning?

2. What pre-suppositions are required for it to make sense and be understood?

It pre-supposes that "you" have a dog. It also pre-supposes that you ‘were’ beating your dog. The question makes no sense without that supposition, since why would a person ask you if you stopped doing something you were never doing in the first place?

The problem in communication is that if one person has a set of pre suppositions (you beat your dog), and the other knows that s/he never beats the dog, and, those pre-suppositions are not placed out in the open, how can you have an intelligent dialogue? What could develop is a negative communicate or argument.

When trying to understand what someone has said, try applying ‘Miller's Law’, and dig deeper with questions to surface the person's pre suppositions. When talking, make a conscious effort to put any critical pre-suppositions you have on the table so they can be discussed.

Linguistically, the reason we have pre-suppositions is that they are necessary to shorten what we say. If we had to speak every detail underlying what we are trying to say, we would never say anything. Language is shorthand. Pre-suppositions allow us to use linguistic shorthand.

Miller’s Law

George Miller, Princeton professor and psychologist produced his theory of communication. It instructs us to suspend judgement about what someone is saying so we can first understand him or her without imbuing his or her message with our own personal interpretations.

The law states: "To understand what another person is saying, you must assume that it is true and try to imagine what it could be true of." The point is not to blindly accept what people say, but to do a better job of listening for understanding. "Imagining what it could be true of" is another way of saying to consider the consequences of the truth, but to also think about what must be true for the speaker's "truth" to make sense.

By sealenterprises, Jul 3 2015 08:42AM

In part two of ‘questions about motivation’ we touched on what effects and influences the dawning of the high speed, super efficient and automated world might have on the motivation of the vocational human.

The degree and pace of change in the workplace environment has already meant that working regimes and practices have started to change to take effect of the motivational issues on individuals and staff. The continual expansion and increased use of the internet has allowed information and data not only to be passed back and forth more quickly, but also allowed, within reason, geographical and topographical issues that once plagued both industry and business alike to be rendered irrelevant. It does not matter where you are, so long as you can obtain Wi-Fi or access to a portal to download or upload your business, so you are in business!

The process of making decisions is now so fast we can make split second choices, faster, more accurately and with ever increasing amounts of information and opinions at our fingertips.

So, technology is allowing us to do things faster, therefore cutting the time we take to do any said task. This should afford us more spare time capacity, to do one of two things: work shorter hours or get more done for the same time input. Here lies our first conundrum. Surely we all want to go to work, get the work done as soon as possible, then get out again, or do we? Could you motivate yourself to do even more work to fill an average eight-hour day? If you could not, what else would you do? Would you possess the self-motivational capacity to do it without your colleagues around you, or a system to adhere to, or a time value framework to accomplish your task?

Other questions such as: can all those great theorists of the 20th century be so easily dismissed? Do their theories on human and vocational motivation still hold up? Can they be tweaked and tuned, to do the same purpose?

What about all the new theories that attempt to deal with motivation in the work place of the 21st century? Is it true that we are already at a stage whereby the ‘intrinsically motivated human’, one that has empowerment, vocational richness and responsibility, is happier, more efficient and productive, than their ‘extrinsically motivated’, reward and punishment orientated 20th century predecessors? The intrinsically motivated approach, states that we are only truly motivated to accomplish a task well, when we find the personal inspiration from within us, to do it. Extrinsic motivation on the other hand, requires external factors such as salary, bonuses, working conditions, environment, social interaction, along with punishment and the fear of punishment as motivation. The intrinsically motivated theory would certainly look, from the outset, to have more in common with our high speed, efficient, disposable, free time capacity world.

The provision and setting up of working environments and methods, that would address the motivational requirements and needs of the modern staff member, for the decades ahead, will require a deeper understanding and appreciation of the needs of the ‘intrinsically motivated human’. Watch words such as empowerment, autonomy, positive-social-integration, personal satisfaction and growth are going to play a far greater role in fulfilling the future, motivational needs of the workplace, in order to satisfy that natural human curiosity and need, to explore one’s personal boundaries and constant search for success!

By sealenterprises, Jul 1 2015 07:17AM

A few questions about Motivation – Part Two

In part one of this three part series on ‘questions about motivation’, we looked at how the motivation models that were spurned by the industrial expansion of the last 200 years were employed to help provide a framework to the new working practices and advances in productivity that epitomized the industrial leap forward of the 20th century.

Different ideas, theories and models were developed by a range of social scientists, psychologists and economists in order to explain and deal with the rapid introduction of the technological, mass producing, working environments we had created. Part one, highlighted the industry of motivational specialists and theorists that had grown out of a growing need to inspire and motivate a workforce whose levels of motivation and with it, productivity had fallen to alarming levels. Theory after theory, idea after idea and claim after claim has been put forward and marketed by a host of academic presenters with almost superstar entertainment status.

The world that we all inhabit is changing fast, faster in some instances than we can cope with. The subject of motivation and how this important function will play a role in the coming decades ahead, in a world very different from the one that the saw the likes of Maslow, McGregor, McClelland or Alderfer's shape the preceding decades of the 20th century is finally being addressed.

Our vocational world it seems just keeps getting faster, bigger, more integrated and interdependent. As the 20th century drew to a close and the door of the 21st century opened, the work place that we had all got to know comfortably, started to undergo huge changes in its methods and systems.

As 2015 passes by, those changes in both the physiological and psychological areas of our lives are starting to bring about a whole set of questions about the role of the motivated, how we can inspire ourselves and our staff to keep pace of change and yet still be productively successful and have a decent quality of life. Technology has always been a fundamental element of the human quest to improve, to progress, to succeed. New working practices, new skills, new ways of viewing the world and how we exist and co-exist, are throwing up uncertainties in a world that is evolving faster now than ever before. The roles each of us play and the templates and guidance we deploy to stay motivated, are probably more crucial now than ever before.

This situation is not unique; it has happened countless times in the past and no doubt will happen again in the future. If one takes the last three-hundred years, we have experienced the agricultural revolution, the industrial revolution, the technological revolution, and the start of the nano and quantum revolutions. Each one of these phase shifters, brought with them a whole set of advantages and problems. However, each time, mankind adapted and overcame each time. We have always managed to keep the socio-economic needs in step and in time, with the technological shockwaves that we create.

However, with more and more technology entering our daily lives, the speed and ease at which we can accomplish tasks that once accounted for the larger share of our working day, has made us more effective and ever more efficient. We now have more time for creativity, self-expression, improvement and empowerment. We are starting to experience and afford the time to explore and investigate that truly unique facet of the human spirit - to satisfy our natural inquisitiveness and curiosity.

Motivation and the ability to inspire and be inspired has reached a new phase, the rise of the empowered, autonomous, socially-positive and engaged human. With it comes, just as the revolutions before it, a new set of problems that we will be required to adapt to.

In part three of this series, we will be looking at some of the new ideas, concepts and models and that are not only being suggested and hypothesized by socio-scientists, socio-economists, industrial and business scholars that truly attempt to address this new era that we are entering, but are actually being deployed and successfully integrated into business and vocational societies with promising results.

Look out for Part 3 on Friday!

By sealenterprises, Jun 29 2015 02:29PM

Countless books, articles, publications and studies have been done on the subject of ‘Motivation’ over the past century. In particular, the last twenty years have seen a battery of philosophical, psychological and scientific motivation theories floated to an increasingly hungry, managerial and leadership market. These new ideas are promoted by their authors, the self-titled, motivational specialists, gurus, inspirational speakers, life coaches, life scientists, personal career designers and career growth specialists at an almost industrial pace. Stellar approaches and regimes, which as they describe, came to them in some epiphany or attenuated study, profess to provide the answer to the ever intriguing, ‘motivation puzzle’.

This plethora of nouveau motivational architects, promote ideas and models that centre on some styled intervention, that, when adopted will inspire you or your staff to work at ever greater speeds, achieving ever higher levels of productivity, in ever shorter quantities or time. Here’s the great bit: all of this will be achieved with ever-higher levels of enjoyment and personal satisfaction.

It feels like the whole subject of ‘motivation’ has been hijacked and turned into a highly lucrative socio-industrial play. With its plots and counter plots managers, leaders, business folk sup from this on-going mythical teat of ‘motivational deliverance’. They are all looking for the latest ground-breaking new concept, perhaps in some strange belief that they will gain some biblical-like technique to infuse motivation into everyone they manage, or, equally as delusional, to glean some competitive edge and therefore career advantage over their immediate rivals, their colleagues!

Not a week goes by, it seems, when another book or written publication does the rounds, each one carefully and cleverly marketed, with its accompanying trendy, sound-biting author, their TED style presenting sales pitch and of course, the ubiquitous accompanying acronym or locution, that unveils some inspirational word or phrase that we can all deploy, whenever things are not going according to plan!

There is nothing wrong with any of these publications or the methods, models or theories that they intend to deliver. Many find them an important source of inspiration, a datum, guide or reference to address lack of motivation in themselves or a general de-motivation in the work place.

However, there is a conundrum here that is somewhat confusing and has similarities to the food and drink industry. Never before has there been such an abundance of cooking and eating information. We are bombarded from every conceivable media angle with cookery programmes and literature. In addition, never before have we had so much choice, from grocery outlets supplying us with our every desire and whim almost 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year. Why then, is the nation’s ability to cook healthy, nutritional and tasty meals at such low levels? Similarly, never before has there been so much published material on the subject of ‘motivation’, yet equally, never has motivation in society and the work place been at such historically low levels.

We live, work and play, in an increasingly high speed, technical world. Motivational theories and practices that were conceived and adopted stretching back over the last one hundred years, perhaps, just might need a serious overhaul. The origins of many of these theories and templates on human motivation can be traced back to the rapid, industrial and technological expansion of the 20th century. They served as vital and fundamental elements in the pillars that supported the mass production and computerisation of the 20th century. However, man’s enduring quest to push back the frontiers of his world, to search and seek out the myriad of answers to his never ending questions, will surely require a different approach going forward.

The realisation that this is no longer a highly industrial, hands-on world, but an increasingly high-speed, low drag, incredibly efficient robotic world is long overdue. We exist in an inter-reliant and interdependent global network, which is constantly changing and morphing quicker than ever before. The laws and templates of human motivation that have been interpreted, re-interpreted and re arranged over and over again perhaps, are due a complete transformation, to serve and cater for the new emerging societies that inhabit this new emerging era!

Look out for Part 2 on Wednesday!

By sealenterprises, Apr 23 2015 02:54PM

Are you a success seeker or a failure addict?

(Motivation and How to Strengthen It)

Motivation the inner power that pushes you toward taking action and toward achievement. Motivation is powered by two elements;

• Desire

• Ambition

If these two things are absent, then motivation is absent too.

Sometimes, you might have the desire to get something done, or to achieve a certain goal, but if the desire and ambition are not strong enough, you lack the push, the initiative, and the willingness to take the necessary action. In these cases, you lack motivation and inner drive.

When there is motivation, there is initiative, momentum, direction, courage, energy, and the persistence to follow your goals.

A motivated person takes action and does whatever it needs to achieve their goals.

Motivation becomes strong, when you have a vision, a clear mental image of what you want to achieve, and also a strong desire to manifest it. In such a situation, motivation awakens inner strengths and powers, and pushes you forward, toward making your vision a reality.

Motivation can be applied to every action and every goal, such as:

• To reduce your weight

• To increase your level of fitness

• General improved health levels

• Learn a foreign language

• Run a marathon

• Improve and achieve an academic qualification

• Achieve career goals

• Raise money for good causes (charity)

• Buy or move to a better house

The list is endless, whatever your personal desire or goals are, with the right amount of motivation and application, one can achieve anything.

Motivation is present, whenever there is a clear vision, precise knowledge of what you want to do, a strong desire to achieve, and faith in your own abilities.

Motivation is one of the most important keys to success. When there is lack of motivation, you either get no results, or only mediocre ones, whereas, when there is motivation, you attain greater and better results and achievements.

A motivated person is a happier person, more energetic, and sees the positive end result in his or her mind.

What can Seal Enterprises do for you in order to strengthen your motivation?

• Using a range of techniques, tailored methodologies and the experience of over twenty five years of motivational coaching and mentoring we can enable you to:

• Learn how to set goals, goals that accurately reflect your desires and requirements. Using strategies and planning in order to break down the goal achieving process into smaller, achievable micro-goals

• Learn the difference between inspiration and motivation and how to keep the spark alive between these two entities.

• How to deal with what is feasible, possible and can be accomplished with relation to time.

• Concentration techniques and the ability to adhere to the plan in order to achieve the prize

• How to communicate motivation to others in order to make the journey to your target easier

• How to spot and deal with the enemies of motivation; procrastination, laziness, social conformity and the fear of failure

• Keeping energized, enthused and learning to use patience as a valid tool.

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